Panipat is located at 29.39°N 76.97°E. It has an average elevation of 219 metres (718 feet). Panipat is situated on Shershah Suri Marg (now known as G.T. road or NH-1), 90 KM north of Delhi. On three sides, Panipat district boundaries touch other districts of Haryana – Karnal in the north, Jind in the west and Sonipat in the south. Panipat district borders the state of Uttar Pradesh across the Yamuna River in the east. Panipat was a part of Karnal district until 31 October 1989.
Panipat, a city located in the state of Haryana, is an important industrial location in India. The industrial activities in the cluster started after the partition of India and Pakistan, when the weaver’s community displaced from Pakistan was facilitated to settle in Panipat. Further, the carpet business evolved as a result of yarn dyeing of woollens in 1970s and 80s. At the same time, power looms were introduced to make bed covers, curtains, and other upholstery clothes. By 1990, many industries started manufacturing blankets. The business of blankets expanded very fast, and in due course, Panipat became famous for blanket market.
Panipat accounts for about three-fourth of total blankets produced in the country. The textile units are involved in manufacturing of cotton durries, carpets (woollen, cotton based and synthetic); furnishings (bed covers, cushion covers, mats, etc.), woollen blankets, and cotton and woollen yarns. A majority of the manufacturers are concentrated in industrial areas in Haryana Urban Development Authorities (HUDA) in Sector 25 (I & II) and Sector 29 (I & II) and Panipat industrial area.
The other enterprises including job work units are primarily located in and around Panipat Town. Some of the leading manufacturers and exporters of home furnishing in the cluster include Abhishek Industries Ltd. (Trident Group), Palliwal Exports, Abhiasmi International Pvt. Ltd, SPJ Textiles Pvt. Ltd (formerly called Flora International), Ravera Textiles, Golden Terry Towel Pvt. Ltd, Aggarsain Spinners Ltd, Anand International, Shivam Exports, Sachdeva Home Furnishing Pvt. Ltd, Vardhman Creations, and Om Overseas.
The raw materials for home furnishing industries are sourced mainly from spinning mills and power loom industries. Procurement of raw material is one of the great concerns of the production processes adopted for home furnishing material to maintain the best quality standards of final product. Home furnishing and carpet manufacturing units are mainly exporting to both developing and developed countries whereas spinning/yarn, processing/dyeing/printing units are processing the intermediate yarn/grey for final product manufacturers.
A few manufacturers also have local market and supply chain system under various reputed brands in India. The major products include floor coverings product, such as durries, woollen carpets, cotton, and synthetic carpet, home furnishings material (bed covers, cushion covers, mats, etc.), fabric blankets, etc. Cotton and woollen yarns produced in the Panipat cluster are utilized by home furnishing and carpet industries located in and around Panipat as well as other cities.
There are about 3,095 micro, small, and medium enterprises (MSMEs) in the Panipat textile cluster with more than 60% of the industries are involved in home furnishing. About 65% of the units fall under micro category. There are about 200 textile machinery units in the cluster. The breakup of textile units operating in the cluster is given in the following table. Classification of the textile units in Panipat is based on product manufacturing and investment towards plant and machinery.
The estimated annual production of the cluster is valued to be 950 crore. Carpet industries and home furnishing units require raw material, such as yarn and threads and services such as dying and printing, which is catered by local units. The major share of production in textile industries in Panipat is home furnishing product (62%), such as bed sheet, durree, and blanket (polar, cotton, and woollen). Most of the power looms and yarn-processing units are operating to cater to the raw material requirements of home furnishing industries and floor covering industries. There are some integrated units with power loom, yarn processing, dying, and printing facilities. While large industries and export house are selling their products with their brand names, some of the small units are manufacturing products for large brands, such as Bombay Dyeing, Future Group, etc.
The Kundli cold storage cluster is situated in Sonipat district, which is one of the 21 districts of the state of Haryana in northern India and is a part of National Capital Region (NCR). Sonipat is a town and a municipal council in the Sonipat district in the state of Haryana,(India). It comes under the National Capital Region and is also known as a education city in the India. It is 20 kms north from Delhi. And a municipal council in the Sonipat district in the state of Haryana, India. It comes under the National Capital Region. Sonipat comprises 3 sub-divisions namely Sonipat, Ganaur and Gohana and seven blocks (Sonipat, Ganaur, Rai, Kharkhoda, Gohana, Kathura and Mundlana).
The cold storage industries were set up in Sonipat primarily due to the strategic location of the place, which is near to farms (located in Haryana and Punjab) as well as consumer market. Another major factor for existence of cluster is the capital investment subsidy (35% of project costs) scheme of national horticulture board for construction/expansion/modernization of cold storage and storage for horticulture products.
The purpose of cold storage is to strengthen post-harvest storage and marketing infrastructure. Most of the cold storage facilities were established in the cluster under government schemes for development of cold storage and warehouse facilities. Leading cold storage facilities in the cluster include Kumar Ice & Cold Storage, Ambe Agro & Cold Storage (P) Ltd, R J Cold Storage (P) Ltd, Sabharwal Food Industries (P) Ltd, etc.
There are about 90 cold storage facilities in Sonipat district, of which about 53 facilities are located in Kundli area. The capacity of the cold storage facilities in Kundli varies from 665–8,600 MT. About 50% of cold storage facilities are below 2,500 MT capacity, which are below the average capacity of 2,833 MT per cold storage in the cluster. Average capacity of the Capacity 1 (below 2,500 MT) cold storage facilities is estimated to be 1,676 MT, Capacity 2 (2,500 to 5,000 MT) is 3,710 MT, and for Capacity 3 (over 5,000 MT) is 6,505 MT.